Lesson Plan: Run, Jump, Swim or Fly, a lesson on Heredity

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A First grade Lesson

Why do we look and act like our parents and yet have noticeable differences? Explore Wyoming's biological diversity through heredity. 

Essential Question

How are young plants and animals like, but not exactly like their parents? 


At the end of the of this unit, students will be able to:

  • Identify similarities of an organisms' parents.  
  • Understand that individuals of the same kind of animal are known as the same, but may vary in many ways.


At the end of this unit, you will be able to assess students through:

  • Having them describe how traits can be passed on to another generation.
  • Having them identify similarities and differences of a given group of animals.
  • Having them identify traits that make up a group of animals and explain how those might vary. 

Performance Expectations: Next Generation Science Standards


Make observations to construct an evidence-based account that young plants and animals are like, but not exactly like, their parents.

Disciplinary Core Ideas: Next Generation Science Standards

LS3.A: Inheritance of Traits
Young animals are very much, but not exactly like, their parents.  Plants also are very much, but not exactly like, their parents. (1-LS3-1) 

LS3.B: Variation of Traits
Individuals of the same kind of plant or animal are recognizable as a similar but can also vary in many ways. (1-LS3-1) 

Wyoming State Standards

SC4.1.1: Characteristics of Organisms
Students describe observable characteristics of living things, including structures that serve specific functions and everyday behaviors.

SC4.1.2: Life Cycles of Organisms
Students sequence life cycles of living things, and recognize that plants and animals resemble their parents.  


Lesson Plan by Ted Wambeke

Graphics by Jamie Legerski